What is the Difference Between Similar But Different Things, Terms, and Objects

What is the Difference between Ferns, Gymnosperms and Angiosperms

We can find a large number of plants on this planet, but all of them are not same. Different species have different characteristics and features. Plants are divided into big groups, like angiosperms, gymnosperms and ferns. It is difficult for a common person to understand the difference between them. Here we are describing some common differences between them.


Ferns are a group of planet, which has nearly 12,000 species. They have proper plants structure like xylem and phloem. They have stems, leaves and roots like other vascular plants. The method of their reproduction is spores and there are no seeds and flowers involved. Ferns have a long historic record and we can find them in fossils which were found more than 300 million years ago. Economically, ferns are not really useful; some are used as ornamental plants. They are also used for remediating contaminated soils. Many researches are going on the remediating abilities of ferns. Some ferns are used in medicines.


Gymnosperms are seed producing plants but they are not flowering plants. Their seeds remain visible very clearly for being unwrapped or uncovered condition. This is the reason that they are called Gymnosperms that is a Greek word and has meanings “Naked seed”. Moreover, Gymnosperms make four Plant Phyla that include Coniferophyta or Pinophyta, Ginkgophyta, Gnetophyta, and Cycadophyta. The common examples of Gymnosperms are Cypresses, Pines and their closely related plants species, but they must be all seed plants.


Angiosperms are not only seed plants, but they are flowering plants as well. The other common names of Gymnosperm are Magnoliophyta or Angiospermae. This is the only group of plants that is found is truly varied form due to its flowering characteristics and obviously, the flowers of all plants are found in different color schemes and shapes. Scientists say that Angiosperms are the modified form of Gymnosperms and the first flowering plants was estimated to be appeared on the earth about 200 million years ago.

Ferns vs Gymnosperms vs Angiosperms

Ferns are entirely different species of plants than Gymnosperms and Angiosperms, as they have no seeds and flowers. Ferns only produce spores that are also the source of reproduction for these plants. On the other hand, the major difference between Gymnosperms and Angiosperms is that, Angiosperms are both flowering and seedy plants in contrast to Gymnosperms that are only seedy plants. Moreover, Gymnosperms are considered as ancestors of Angiosperms.

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